Analysis of Five Track Event Performances at the Drake Relays by Age and Gender, 1978-2008

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Show simple item record Mokashi, Varun N. Miller, Lindsay J. Strong, Michael A. Hoffmann, Griffin B. Klatt, Travis D. Strauch, Jennifer H. Laflen, Brad K. 2009-06-24T13:22:02Z 2009-06-24T13:22:02Z 2009-06-24T13:22:02Z
dc.description Advisor: David S. Senchina en_US
dc.description.abstract We analyzed gender and age differences in Drake Relays performance times for 2 team (4x1OO and 4x400 m relays) and 3 solo (400 m hurdles, 800 m, 10K) track events for 31 years (1978-2008). The top 10 performances were taken each year for 4 groups: high school (HS) boys, HS girls, college/university (CIU) men, CIU women. Our data set included 4583 performances total, because not all ages/genders competed in all events or for the same number of years. HS athletes of both genders showed overall improvements in performance times. HS boys improved in 2 of their 3 events (4x1OO and 400 m hurdles) and showed no change in 4x400. Similarly, HS girls improved in 3 of their 4 events (4x1OO, 400 m hurdles, 800 m) and showed no change in 4x400. C/U athletes showed very different trajectories. Like the HS athletes, CIU women improved in 3 of their 5 events (4x1OO, 4x400, 400 m hurdles), showed no change in 800 m, and declined in 10K. By contrast, CIU men demonstrated statistically significant declines in running times for 4 of their 5 events except for 800 m where they demonstrated no change. Despite the improvements in female performance times, males were faster than females in all events for all years regardless of age. As the Drake Relays includes athletes from across the country, these differences likely reflect national trends and are possibly explained by forces such as increased pressure for youth sport specialization, declining popularity of track-and-field, and Title IX. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Drake University, College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Biology, Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology ; College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries DUCURS 2009;16
dc.subject Track and field athletes--Performance--Analysis en_US
dc.subject Track and field tournaments--Iowa--Des Moines en_US
dc.subject Track and field--Analysis en_US
dc.subject Drake Relays (Des Moines, Iowa) en_US
dc.title Analysis of Five Track Event Performances at the Drake Relays by Age and Gender, 1978-2008 en_US
dc.type Presentation en_US

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  • DUCURS [193]
    Poster sessions and presentation from the Drake University Conference on Undergraduate Research in the Sciences held each April at Olmsted Center on the Drake campus.

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