Granular Activated Carbon Versus Carbon Molecular Sieve as an Adsorbent inthe Lightweight Contingency Water Recovery System

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Show simple item record Stevens, William Nicolau, Eduardo Richardson, Justine Gormly, Sherwin Flynn, Michael 2009-06-24T13:08:15Z 2009-06-24T13:08:15Z 2009-06-24T13:08:15Z
dc.description Advisor: Charisse Buising en_US
dc.description.abstract Several different carbon-based materials are contenders for use as an absorbent in the first stage of the Lightweight Contingency Water Recovery System (LWC-WRS). Granular activated carbon has been proven as an effective adsorbent, and is commonly used in water filtration. However, studies have shown that carbon molecular sieve membranes outperform the activated carbon in adsorption capacity and efficiency. The adsorption capability of the carbon molecular sieve was examined to determine its ability to remove contaminants, primarily urea and ammonia, from wastewater through the LWCWRS. In addition, the endurance of both the activated carbon and the molecular sieve was tested to determine the volume of fluid that can be filtered through each matrix before adsorbent saturation. Preliminary data from column and batch tests run over a period between 4 to 12 hours showed the Total Organic Carbon (TOC) removal capability of the molecular sieve to be twenty times that of the activated carbon, with over 99% removal. After 11 hours and 1 L of urine processed, the molecular sieve continued to remove over 97% of the TOC in the initial urine volume. However, in line with its performance, the molecular sieve is ten times more expensive per kilogram, than the activated carbon. This must be taken into account in the creation of L WC-WRS, especially if it is to be further developed into a possible primary water treatment system for future spaceflight. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Drake University ; University of Puerto Rico ; National Space Grant Foundation ; NASA Ames Research Center en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries DUCURS 2009;4
dc.subject Water--Purification--Filtration en_US
dc.subject Carbon--Absorption en_US
dc.subject Carbon, Activated en_US
dc.title Granular Activated Carbon Versus Carbon Molecular Sieve as an Adsorbent inthe Lightweight Contingency Water Recovery System en_US
dc.type Presentation en_US

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  • DUCURS [196]
    Poster sessions and presentation from the Drake University Conference on Undergraduate Research in the Sciences held each April at Olmsted Center on the Drake campus.

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