Analysis of Five Field Event Performances at the Drake Relays by Age and Gender, 1978-2008

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Show simple item record Miller, Lindsay J. Mokashi, Varun N. Strong, Michael A. Hoffmann, Griffin B. Strauch, Jennifer H. Klatt, Travis D. Laflen, Brad K. 2009-04-22T13:17:50Z 2009-04-22T13:17:50Z 2009-04-22T13:17:50Z
dc.description Advisor: David S. Senchina en_US
dc.description.abstract We analyzed gender and age differences in Drake Relays performance distances for 2 jumping (long jump and triplejump) and 3 throwing (discus, javelin, shotput) field events for 31 years (1978-2008). The top 10 performances were taken each year for 4 groups: high school (HS) boys, HS girls, college/university (C/U) men, C/U women. Our data set included 4403 performances total, because not all ages/genders competed in all events or for the same number of years. Generally, females significantly improved their jumping or throwing distances whereas males showed no improvements or significantly declined in performance. HS girls showed statistically significant improvements in all 3 of their events (discus, shotput, long jump), and C/U women showed improvements in 4 of their 5 events (discus, javelin, shotput, triplejump) and demonstrated no change in long jump performance. In comparison, HS boys showed no changes in 2 of their 3 events (discus and shotput) and significantly shorter distance in long jump, and C/U men demonstrated significantly shorter throwing or jumping distances in 4 of their 5 events (javelin, shotput, long jump, triplejump) and no change in discus. Despite the improvements in female performance distances, males threw or jumped further than females in all events for all years except for discus, where C/U women were out-throwing HS boys by 2008. As the Drake Relays includes athletes from across the country, these differences likely reflect national trends and are possibly explained by forces such as increased pressure for youth sport specialization, declining popularity of track-and-field, and Title IX. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Drake University, College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Biology, Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology ; College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries DUCURS 2009;15
dc.subject Track and field athletes--Performance--Analysis en_US
dc.subject Track and field--Analysis en_US
dc.subject Drake Relays (Des Moines, Iowa) en_US
dc.subject Track and field tournaments--Iowa--Des Moines en_US
dc.title Analysis of Five Field Event Performances at the Drake Relays by Age and Gender, 1978-2008 en_US
dc.type Presentation en_US

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  • DUCURS [196]
    Poster sessions and presentation from the Drake University Conference on Undergraduate Research in the Sciences held each April at Olmsted Center on the Drake campus.

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