Manual for Analysis and Research in Expressed Values
Reighard, Ronald LeRoy
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PROBLEM. The purpose of this study was to design a manual to serve as a guide to the use of the instrument for measuring expressed values--the Rubric for Expressed Values (REV III). With this manual, educators and other professionals would be able to administer this measurement of values in their own settings. PROCEDURE. The study was organized into four parts: (1) thirty students from each grade level were chosen from among eighteen-hundred students in the James A. Garfield School District, Garrettsville, Ohio, for representation in the four samples of a ten-year longitudinal project conducted to study values as expressed in student hand-written compositions on various subjects; (2) the thirty compositions from each grade level were then read and categorized (coded) in terms of values expressed therein, according to the framework of the Rubric for Expressed Values (REV III); (3) literature related to the bases for the project was then reviewed; and (4) the process of establishing the manual's reliability was completed by asking three graduate students in Education at Drake University to use the manual as a guide to the Rubric for Expressed Values (REV III) without any assistance other than the instructions for the use of the rubric. The same three hand-written compositions were read by each graduate student, and the level of agreement among the three students, of value expressions found, was used as an indicator of the manual's reliability. FINDINGS. There was a 79.6 per cent agreement among the three graduate students participating in the codification of the compositions. RECOMMENDATIONS. The writer would recommend that this manual be used in settings other than schools, such as the community, in the business world, and in government. He would further recommend that samples taken employ more people.
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