Frequency of Reinforcement as a Determinant of Timeout Effectiveness

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dc.contributor.author Tallon, Robert James
dc.date.accessioned 2008-11-25T19:08:20Z
dc.date.available 2008-11-25T19:08:20Z
dc.date.issued 1976-12
dc.identifier.other 1976 .T146
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2092/841
dc.description 37 leaves. Advisor: Mary Ann Powers en
dc.description.abstract The problem: Reinforcement is by definition, an integral part of the punishment procedure termed timeout from positive reinforcement. The influence that different reinforcement requencies have on the effectiveness of a one minute timeout procedure was investigated. Procedure: Four profoundly retarded adolescent males served as subjects in a classroom setting. Following baseline a sixty second timeout procedure involving sitting in a corner with a quietroom as a backup was administered contingent on each occurrence of specified disruptive behaviors. Reinforcement frequency for alternative behavior was then systematically varied using zero, ten, thirty, and sixty reinforcers per hour in a counter-balanced order across subjects. Findings: For three of the four subjects a functional relationship between reinforcement frequency and timeout effectiveness (measured in amount of suppression of disruptive behavior) was demonstrated. Conclusions: Reinforcement of alternative behavior is a major determinant of the effectiveness of a timeout procedure at suppressing undesirable behavior. High reinforcement frequencies may be used to overcome recovery during punishment phenomena without increasing the intensity of the punishing stimulus. Recommendations: In order to achieve maximal suppression of target behaviors and avoid recovery during punishment, deceleration procedures should be accompaiend by a substantial frequency of reinforcement for alternative behavior. en
dc.format.extent 2090106 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Drake University en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Drake University, School of Graduate Studies;1976
dc.subject Timeout method--Analysis en
dc.subject Reinforcement (Psychology) en
dc.subject Runishment (Psychology) en
dc.subject People with mental disabilities--Behavior--Analysis en
dc.title Frequency of Reinforcement as a Determinant of Timeout Effectiveness en
dc.type Thesis en


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