Job Motivation Factors as Perceived by Teachers and Nurses
Thomas, Judy Irene
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The problem. The two-factor theory of motivation to work developed by Frederick Herzberg provided the conceptual framework for this study. The general purposes of the study were to discover whether nurses and teachers perceived either motivation or hygiene factors to be greater motivators, whether those job factors were present in their jobs, whether there was a difference between the job factors desired by nurses and the factors desired by teachers, and whether there was a difference in the degree to which nursing and education provide the needed job factors. Procedure. Thirty-nine teachers and thirty-one nurses returned a questionnaire which indicated the degrees to which they perceived themselves as motivated by sixteen job factors and the degree to which the factors were present in their jobs. Means were computed for motivation factors needed, motivation factors present, hygiene factors needed, hygiene factors present, and means were tested by separate variance model t test for significant differences (a.O5) between means. Conclusions. It was found that neither teachers nor nurses perceived a greater need for either motivation or for hygiene factors. Neither group felt that one set of job factors was present in their jobs to a greater degree than the other set. Nurses felt, however, that their jobs provided motivation and hygiene factors to a greater degree than teachers felt their jobs provided them. Both groups felt that they needed motivation and hygiene factors to a greater degree than those factors were present in their jobs.
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