The Effects of impoundment depth and isolation on fish species diversity and fish size
Summerville, Keith S.
MetadataShow full item record
SubjectFish species composition; Fish populations -- Iowa; Intra-specific composition; Inter-specific composition; Fishes -- Habitat -- Iowa; Water levels -- Iowa
A problem for many fisheries managers is trying to maintain a diverse prey base while maximizing predator size. To test the effects of water depth and impoundment isolation on fish size and species composition, two rock-quarry ponds were sampled at the Great Ape Trust in central Iowa during the fall of 2005. One impoundment was shallow and small compared to an adjacent impoundment that was relatively deep and large. The impoundments were isolated from one another for the majority of the year by an extremely shallow, narrow band of water that was subject to lateral transfer from the Des Moines River. We hypothesized that fish of each species will be greater in the larger, deeper pond. Specimens were collected using a throw net, lengths were recorded with a tailors tape, and capture locations were marked using GPS. Two-tailed t-tests were then used to analyze data sets that were standardized using log transformations to assume for normality. Although species composition was found to be identical in both impoundments, significant differences in mean length were only found in two of the five species, bluegill and the common carp. We conclude that factors other than pond depth play a greater role in influencing body size such as dissolved oxygen content and inter- and intra-specific competition.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Summerville, Keith S.; Crist, Thomas O. (Ecological Society of America, 2002)Abstract. Two pressing questions for forestry and conservation biology are whether periodic logging in forest ecosystems significantly changes biodiversity and whether the changes can be mitigated through appropriate harvest ...
Hoyle, Steven G. (Drake University, 1979-09)This study gives implications for teaching composition based on current rhetorical and psychological theory. It examines what recent brain research has to say about left-hemispheric verbal skills and right-hemispheric ...