Declarative Soccer Knowledge and Recent Video Game Experience Do Not Contribute to Wii Soccer Performance
Goranson, Kari E.
Frazier, Kendra M.
Manske, Matia K.
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Background: Soccer is becoming more popular in the world of sports. The Nintendo Wii game system represents a unique interface to test individuals contributions of soccer-specific procedural and declarative knowledge. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to compare declarative knowledge of soccer as a sport to performance on Wii soccer video game. Hypothesis: We hypothesized that an increased knowledge of soccer will aid in achieving higher scores when playing soccer on the Wii game system. We also hypothesized that an increase in heart rate can be expected in the subjects after playing against a human opponent in comparison to the Wii computer opponent, thus mimicking a reallife soccer setting. Methods: Subjects completed six tasks: an exercise history questionnaire, video game questionnaire, soccer quiz, soccer skills practical, and two Wii trials: one trial versus the computer and a second trial versus a human opponent. Results: No correlations were found between the Wii scores and the subcategories of the soccer quiz, or the overall soccer quiz score. Also, no significant difference was found for heart rates after the Wii computer opponent and the human opponent. Conclusion: An increased knowledge of soccer as a sport does not help in achieving high scores in a Wii soccer game. An increased heart rate cannot be expected when playing against a human opponent in comparison to a computer opponent.
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