Gender Influences on Gait When Walking Normally Versus Carrying Weight
Homan, Adrea L.
Smith, Chelsea L.
Heffernen, Emily E.
Leon, Elena E.
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Anatomically, males and females have many differences. Females tend to have a wider pelvis than males. Traditionally, males have longer limbs as well as larger muscle mass. Based on these facts, we hypothesized that females will have a larger step width and males will have a larger step length. Also, we hypothesized that the addition of carrying 15% body weight would affect the males gait less. This study was conducted to investigate gender differences in gait. The subject was asked to walk normally across three strips of paper, and then walk across the paper again while carrying a box, which weighed 15% of their body weight. Step width and step length measurements were then taken from the ink marks on the Kraft paper. The average step length in normal walking for males was 74.8 cm and in females was 78.7 cm. When 15% of the subjects body weight was added the average step length for males was 74.5 cm and females was 76.3 cm. In normal walking, the males averaged 7.712 cm and the females averaged 7.94 cm for step width. In walking with 15% of body weight, males averaged 8.9 cm and females averaged 8.85 cm for step width. It’s hard to make conclusions about gender differences in gait for this study because we had a limited number of subjects. But, we can conclude when a person is carrying a box full of weights versus walking normally, step length decreases and step width increases to increase ones balance.
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