Influence of Exogenous PlGF on Apoptosis in the H9c2 Cardiomyoblast Cell Line

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dc.contributor.author Alberts, Timothy
dc.contributor.author Kasinathan, Sivakanthan
dc.contributor.author Theis, Kaitlin
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-28T14:51:04Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-28T14:51:04Z
dc.date.issued 2010-04-28T14:51:04Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2092/1315
dc.description Advisor: Ronald Torry en_US
dc.description.abstract Placenta growth factor (PlGF) is known to inhibit apoptosis in cells such as trophoblast or endothelial cells. Although PlGF is expressed in heart tissue in vivo and in vitro, little is known about its antiapoptotic effects in cardiomyocytes. H9c2 cells (a rat cardiomyoblast cell line) were used to determine if PlGF can protect these cells from oxidative-induced apoptosis. Cells were cultured and then treated with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to induce apoptosis. An H2O2 dose response curve was performed and showed increased concentrations of H2O2 were associated with increased percent apoptosis: 25uM H2O2 = 36.77±8.9%; 50uM H2O2 = 47.53±4.6%; and 100uM H2O2 = 61.36±5.1% apoptosis. Some cultures were then pre-treated with either 10ng/mL or 50ng/mL of exogenous recombinant mouse P1GF for 24 hours and then incubated with 50uM H2O2 for 2 hours. Cells were stained with 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI), a fluorescent stain that binds strongly to DNA and then fixed with ice cold acetone. Apoptotic cells were recognized by the condensed, fragmented, and degraded nuclei with fluorescence microscopy. Random fields of cells from each treatment group were chosen to count the apoptotic cells and percent of apoptosis was calculated for each field. Control cultures showed 12.41±0.5% apoptosis, H2O2+0ng/mL PlGF = 46.49±1.5% apoptosis, H2O2+10ng/mL PlGF = 30.48±5.9% apoptosis, and H2O2+50ng/mL PlGF = 33.70±5.8% apoptosis. In conclusion, we have developed a consistent method to induce apoptosis in H9c2 cells and used this to show that although exogenous PlGF tended to protect H9c2 cells from oxidative-induced apoptosis, this difference did not attain statistical significance. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Drake University, Pharmaceutical, Biomedical, and Admininstrative Science Department en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries DUCURS 2010;36
dc.subject Placenta--Growth en_US
dc.subject Heart cells en_US
dc.subject Apoptosis en_US
dc.title Influence of Exogenous PlGF on Apoptosis in the H9c2 Cardiomyoblast Cell Line en_US
dc.type Presentation en_US


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  • DUCURS [196]
    Poster sessions and presentation from the Drake University Conference on Undergraduate Research in the Sciences held each April at Olmsted Center on the Drake campus.

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