A Cost Per Behavior Change Analysis for Physical Therapy-Behavior Modification Projects
The problem. To develop a method which could be used to determine the effects and related costs of producing certain physical-motor skills in multiple handicapped retardates. This study should provide a data base for later cost-effectiveness studies. Procedure. Child development workers on the program unit were trained to conduct physical therapy-behavior modification projects. The effectiveness of these projects was evaluated by comparing performance prior to intervention with performance following intervention. Costs for achieving this change in performance were presented in five separate categories. The first was the number of hours of treatment necessary to produce the behavior change multiplied by the hourly wage of the CDW who conducted the treatment, the second was the cost for medical intervention, the third was the cost for reinforcers and the fourth represented the costs of consultation by the physical therapist and the behavior modifier. The final category was simply the total cost of treatment. Fingings. It was possible to isolate the cost variables necessary for producing behavior change. Cost per behavior change was determined for twenty-six specific behaviors. Conclusion. Direct treatment by non-professional CDWs was shown to be an effective means of producing behavior change and treatment by these non-professionals was found to be economically feasible. Recommendations. The data from this study and similar studies should be used to develop a model which can be used to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of such programs.
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The Effects of Feedback on the Performance of Paraprofessional Behavior Modifiers and Their Retarded-Trainees German, Mark (Drake University, 1975-07)The problem. To determine whether the behavior modification skills of hospital attendants are improvable by program respecifications, delayed graphic feedback, or by immediate verbal feedback. To also determine if these ...
A Study of the Relationship Between Data Obtained by Faculty and Clinician Interviews and Self-Reported Generic Abilities of Applicants to a Graduate Physical Therapy Program Casey, Therese Charlotte (Drake University, 1998-05)The problem. This research examined the relationship of how applicants to a physical therapy program rate themselves on "Generic Abilities" with interview scores given by physical therapy faculty and clinicians. Procedures. ...
Effects of the Changeover Delay on Interchangeover Responding in Concurrent Schedules of Reinforcement Bosch, Maria D. (Drake University, 1983-09)The problem. In concurrent schedules of reinforcement, the use of a changeover delay has been assumed to be necessary in order to reduce superstitious alternation, separate the components in time, and thus insure independence ...