A Cost Analysis of an Institutional Token Motivational System
Howley, Thomas J.
MetadataShow full item record
The problem: An analysis was performed on the cost and effectiveness of a token motivational system in a state hospital. Procedure: A token economy program, designed and implemented by a multidisciplinary team, attempted to motivate 48 retarded residents to perform 27 self-help skills and 51 work tasks. Six weeks of residents' baseline performance was compared to the effects of eight weeks of treatment programming. Cost break-outs of the total treatment cost for direct and indirect treatment cost, three stages of program development and a comparison of the monthly ward cost with and without the treatment program were performed. Findings: The treatment program was effective in increasing the self-help and work behaviors. The various cost breakouts indicated that: (a) professional and non-professional time was reallocated cost to the system, (b) the only major additional cost to the system was supplies, (c) the dollar cost for operating a large number of projects was relatively small. Conclusion: A behavior modification program fulfills the requirements for a Program-Planning-Budgeting-System analysis and makes possible an evaluation of the cost and effectiveness of a residential treatment program. Recommendations: Future research should be directed toward developing more useful empirical cost data collection procedures.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
We Still Have A Lot To Learn: Learning Experiences Of Individuals Age 80 And Older In Care Facilities In A Midwestern State Grebert, Sheila (Drake University, 2012-10)This qualitative study focused on the learning experiences of individuals, age 80 and older, in care facilities in a Midwestern state. Even with the well documented growth of the over age 85 demographic, there are few ...
An Analysis of an Interdisciplinary Experience in Art, Music, and Social Science with Fifth Grade Classes in Traditional School Radcliffe, Beverly J. (Drake University, 1977-10)The problem. Literature in various fields increasingly is stressing the importance of an interdisciplinary approach to education but such programs are not in evidence. This study is an analysis of an interdisciplinary ...
Nurse Role Conceptions of Beginning Students, Graduating Students and Faculty in a Baccalaureate Nursing Program Clark, Connie Lynn (Drake University, 1991-04)The purpose of this study was to determine ideal and actual nurse role concept ions and role discrepancies of beginning students, graduating students and faculty in a baccalaureate nursing program. Procedure. Twenty four ...