The Juvenile Laws of Iowa : Compilation and Analysis
The problem. The problem of developing an adequate and consistent juvenlle justice system commensurate with adult justice systems has been the concern of people for more than a century. Recent attempts have included review and recodification of laws by most state legislative branches of government. On the national level, recommended legislative models have been developed tor the purpose of providing uniformity of juvenile laws between states in interstate compact agreements and procedures. In addition, interested groups have studied various specialized areas of juvenile justice resulting in models at segmented current practices. This study resulted from the need to develop a compendium of the ohapter and section numbers of the juvenile laws of Iowa from which an analysis would be made to identify the inconsistencies, contradictions, and inadequacies of these laws. Procedure. The method for obtaining a compendium of the 583 juvenile laws of Iowa consisted first of a personal search by the investigator of the 1973 Code of Iowa to identify as many of the juvenile laws as possible. Verification of the completeness of this result included an additional search of the code by the 1973 Drake University Law Class and by a computer search for juvenile laws utilizing terms commonly used synonymously with the word, juvenile. The results of all three of these investigations were used as cross references in verifying that all juvenile laws were included. The initial treatment of the data was the sorting of these laws into twenty-four topics for the purpose of providing a compilation that would lend itself to analysis. Individual laws were identified that necessitated their classification under more than one topic. There were 198 such statutes. An alphabetical index of juvenile laws of Iowa was developed, as a result of this compilation, providing descriptive titles and cross referencing. Findings and conclusions. As a result of this study, a total of ninety-nine examples were cited, encompassing eighty laws, illustrating that inconsistencies and contradictions did occur, that inadequacies did exist in the form of antiquated laws, duplication of laws, discrimination by laws, and inconsistencies in design; and that gaps were found relating to existing juvenile laws of Iowa and to non-existing laws.
- Dissertations